Furosemide (Lasix) for Edema. Furosemide vs Torsemide
- Furosemide diuretic drug. Edema resistance
- Torsemide vs Furosemide comparison
- Indications for use. Furosemide or Torsemide?
- How to buy Torsemide online?
- Furosemide contraindications
- Furosemide special instructions
- Furosemide dosage for adults and child
- Furosemide side effects
- Furosemide in pregnancy and breastfeeding
- What happens if you overdose on furosemide?
Furosemide is a potent diuretic. It is taken to reduce edema caused by cardiac or renal insufficiency, cirrhosis of the liver, and other causes. Also sometimes this medicine is prescribed for increased blood pressure. Below you will find the instruction manual, written in clear language.
Study indications, contraindications and side effects. Learn how to take furosemide: how many times a day, at what dosage, before or after eating, how many days in a row. The article details how to be treated with furosemide from swelling and high blood pressure.
Understand what is best: Furosemide or Torsemide, why sometimes furosemide is prescribed together with drugs Verospiron and Diacarb. Read what side effects caused by taking furosemide for weight loss, whether this drug is compatible with alcohol.
Furosemide diuretic drug. Edema resistance
Furosemide stimulates the kidneys to excrete more fluid and salt in the urine. This is called diuretic and natriuretic action. Thanks to him, edema decreases in patients. Unfortunately, along with excess water and salt, the body also loses valuable electrolytes - potassium and magnesium. This can cause side effects, which are described in detail below.
The diuretic effect of furosemide is pronounced, the greater the dose the medicine takes the patient, the stronger it is. Kidneys consist of filtering elements - nephrons. Furosemide acts on the part of the nephron, which is called the Henle loop. Therefore, it is referred to as loop diuretics. It is more potent than thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics - Hypothiazide and Indapamide.
Furosemide tablet Pharmacokinetics. Torsemide vs Furosemide comparison
After taking the furosemide tablet, the diuretic effect begins within 60 minutes. The injection of this medicine starts to work in 5 minutes. Each dose of furosemide is 3 to 6 hours. The diuretic effect quickly stops, and this is considered a drawback, compared with the newer diuretic drug Torsemide.
Furosemide and its metabolites are excreted by 88% by the kidneys and by 12% by the liver, with bile. The stronger the renal or hepatic insufficiency, the slower furosemide is excreted from the body and the higher the risk of side effects. Also, the removal of furosemide slows in patients with heart failure due to impaired renal function.
Indications for use. Furosemide or Torsemide?
Furosemide can be prescribed for edema caused by cardiac and renal insufficiency, liver diseases. Arterial hypertension is also included in the list of indications for use. Sometimes people arbitrarily take furosemide from swelling and slimming.
This is described in more detail below. Torsemide is a medicine that displaces furosemide in the treatment of heart failure.
Torsemide acts more smoothly and less often causes side effects. When hypertension, competent doctors try not to prescribe furosemide for daily administration because of frequent side effects. It is sometimes used to provide emergency care for hypertensive crisis. Furosemide remains a popular cure for ascites caused by cirrhosis of the liver.
How to buy Torsemide online?
Here you can see the prices for Torsemide in the online pharmacy of the partner company, choose the form of the drug, dosage and buy it online
Information on the price and availability of the drug Torsemide is updated daily.
Kidney disease, in which the production of urine stopped. Allergy to furosemide, sulfonamides, or diabetic medications related to sulfonylurea derivatives. Significant deficiency of potassium or sodium in the body. Dehydration. Acute glomerulonephritis. Decompensated mitral or aortic stenosis. Severe hepatic insufficiency, a threat of hepatic coma. Furosemide can damage patients with elevated uric acid levels in the blood or gout, impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus, low blood pressure, acute acute myocardial infarction, pancreatitis, impaired urine outflow, systemic lupus erythematosus, diarrhea.
Furosemide special instructions
Furosemide can cause weakness, fatigue, which increases the risk of an accident. Avoid driving vehicles and dangerous mechanisms for at least the first 5-7 days until the body is accustomed to the new drug. Perhaps it makes sense to use tablets Asparkam, Panangin or salt substitutes rich in potassium along with a diuretic.
Discuss this with your doctor, do not take potassium supplements on your own. Also discuss with the doctor how much and what fluid you can drink. Be wary of gastrointestinal diseases, accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, because they can cause dehydration, a dangerous deficit of potassium and magnesium in the body. Try not to overheat in the sun, it is not advisable to visit the solarium.
Furosemide dosage for adults and child
The dosage of the drug furosemide physician selected individually, depending on the indication for use, severity of disease, the patient's age and other factors.
Furosemide in tablets, adults take 20-80 mg once or several times a day. Intravenous or intramuscular injections - 20-240 mg. Sometimes prescribed and higher doses than the above.
The initial dose of furosemide for children is 1-2 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Maximum - up to 6 mg per 1 kg of body weight. The initial dosage of the diuretic medication is later often increased or decreased. It depends on whether urine production has increased, what the dynamics of the patient's condition and test results are.
Furosemide side effects
Furosemide often causes unpleasant and even dangerous side effects. Therefore, it should not be taken for self. Symptoms of dehydration, deficiency of potassium and magnesium - muscle cramps, weakness, confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, fainting, dry mouth, thirst, nausea, vomiting, fast or irregular heartbeat, unusual decrease in the volume of excreted urine. If you are worried about serious side effects, see a doctor immediately.
To reduce dizziness, get up smoothly, not abruptly, from sitting or lying down. Because of the allergy to furosemide, there may be a skin rash, itching, shortness of breath. Elderly age, kidney and liver diseases are factors of increased risk of side effects.
Furosemide in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Furosemide overcomes the placental barrier and affects the fetus. During pregnancy, it is occasionally prescribed only for severe diseases, usually life-threatening mothers. In doing so, carefully monitor the condition of the fetus.
Do not take furosemide during pregnancy unauthorizedly!
Studies in laboratory animals have shown that furosemide in high doses negatively affects the course of pregnancy. Studies in humans were not conducted. Furosemide can not be taken with breastfeeding. This medicine penetrates into breast milk and affects the baby. It also suppresses the production of breast milk in the mother's body.
Furosemide interactions with other drugs
Furosemide negatively interacts with many other drugs. Because of this, patients often have dangerous side effects. To reduce the risk, tell your doctor about all the medicines, herbs and dietary supplements that you consume before you are prescribed furosemide.
Be careful when taking this diuretic along with hormonal drugs, antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), constipation medications, insulin and diabetes pills.
Furosemide enhances the action of tablets from high blood pressure, which can cause hypotension, dizziness and even fainting. The list of drug interactions of furosemide given above is not complete. Discuss the details with the doctor, without hiding any of the medicines that you are taking.
What happens if you overdose on furosemide?
An overdose of the drug furosemide causes the symptoms listed in the "Side Effects" section above. There may also be significantly reduced blood pressure, shock, nonsense or apathy, manifestations of blockage of blood vessels with thrombi. It is likely that due to dehydration urinary excretion will cease. The treatment is carried out in a hospital in the intensive care unit.
Before the arrival of emergency care, it is recommended to pour a lot of liquid into the patient's stomach, then cause vomiting, give activated charcoal. Next, doctors will take measures to eliminate dehydration, acid-base balance disorders, To fill the loss of fluid and electrolytes use droppers with saline, potassium and magnesium. From hypotension - dopamine or norepinephrine.
Treatment is discontinued when symptoms of an overdose cease to be observed for 6 hours in a row.